These steps cover how to install Debian Linux into your empty virtual or real machine. (The instructions are similar, but may vary somewhat, for Ubuntu Server.)

  • Download Debian 8 amd64, and burn it to a CD if installing on a real machine; otherwise, attach the downloaded ISO image to your virtual machine's CD/DVD drive.

  • Click Install.
  • Answer all the region related questions.
  • For hostname, enter a2server
  • Leave domain name empty.
  • Leave root password empty, and confirm that.
  • For the full user name, enter user1, and same for account name.
  • Choose apple2 as the password, and verify by retyping.
  • Choose your time zone.

  • Under Partition Disks, choose "Guided - use entire disk" (no LVM).
  • Choose SCSI1 (or whatever other disk appears), and then "All Files In One Partition", then "Finish Partitioning and write changes to disk", then confirm.
  • Select your download source.
  • If you require an HTTP proxy, enter it, or leave it blank if not.
  • Answer what you like for the package usage survey.

  • When prompted for software to install, keep in mind that A2SERVER does not require a desktop environment, so don't install one if you don't need one, and choose LXDE if you do, unless you really have a preference here.
  • Disable Print Server (unless you want it).
  • Ensure SSH Server and Standard System Utilities are selected, and Continue.

  • Choose yes to Install the GRUB boot loader to the master boot record
  • Choose /dev/sda

    When done installing, the system will reboot.
  • When prompted, log in with username user1 and password apple2. If you installed a desktop environment, open a terminal window.
  • Type: sudo sed -i '0,/-eq 0/s/-eq 0/-ge 0/' /etc/profile
  • When you're back at the prompt, type sudo shutdown -h now which will turn off the (virtual) machine.
  • Recommended: If you are using a virtual machine, take a snapshot so you can return to this point if necessary.


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